BOOK OF THE DEAD BECOMING GOD IN ANCIENT EGYPT edited by FOY SCALF .. He received his PhD in Egyptology from the University of Chicago with a. Book of the Dead: Becoming God in Ancient Egypt. October 3, –March 31 .. justify the deceased against his enemies just as he justified. Osiris against his. The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead | Raymond O. (Raymond Oliver) It has beautiful photographs and follows the tail of Ani as he descends into the.
However, unlike Tim Burton, this director chose to liven things up a little by veering from the dark colors and adding wide splashes of colorful.
In the Underworld especially the color comes out, and the festivities are brought to full fold in the magical realm of the dead.
Deep in the land of the Forgotten, the oblivion of elimination is presented by a frozen cavern where hope is nonexistent. Regardless, the worlds are diverse and fun, filled with ancient Central American influences that were a welcomed change.
Even the characters have pizazz to them, each main character standing out in their own unique way. I in particular liked the Queen of the underworld, impressed with the blend of partying, happy, and death all wrapped into one package.
The ruler of the Forgotten Land, was also of unique design, sharp, dark edges in shades of purple, neon green, and crimson to portray the darkness of his soul.
What else makes this movie fun? The next aspect is the comedy, which for the most part is well timed and well delivered.
Countless puns are shouted in ridiculous voices, often followed by a character face planting into an object. In addition to the comedy, the music also brings some thing to the film.
Most of the numbers are covers of famous songs, some done horribly to be funny and others that are very relevant to the plot.
A couple of the original numbers made my emotions go on a ride, as happiness, sadness, and even love all came together in the instruments and voice.
Aside from the singing, the voice acting is incredible, each of the cast capturing the essence of the stereotypical Mexican character.
Now there are too many to write about so let me pick my three favorites. First is Christina Applegate, the girl has got sass, spunk, and compassion all at work in her tour guide character.
The girls sells the story as she uses the wooden puppets, which are represented in the character design, to craft the tale, keeping the kids in line, and yet showing empathy.
Her voice is suave and full of passion, and exactly the buffer needed amidst the rowdy, rough voices of the cast. Finally the Queen of the Dead was my favorite character, and Kate del Castillo does a nice job bringing the character to life with flare, kindness, and the ability to hold her own.
What can you take away from my sporadic rambling? I strongly recommend seeing this movie in theaters, possibly in 3-D. My scores for this film are: Plus, we hear why more than one celeb wants to be snowed in with Idris Elba.
See our favorite Sundance moments. As a short filmmaker, it was to be made simply for the love of film-making. The Indiegogo campaign ran from April to June , but less than a quarter of that financial goal was raised.
By September, and after much thought, I came to the conclusion that the best avenue was to refund the money to the backers, and the project was put on hold.
In January I decided to take the project partially forward out of my own pocket. That trailer was released online and the project was put to rest once again.
This is my third recent short film project. You can see my previous short film projects on the Personal Short Films page. The final trailer is currently as far as this project has progressed.
Should you wish to, you can get in touch via email at;. June 9, - Super8Shorts. This release does not come with a commentary track.
Public Enemy Revisited - 7m 47s 2. Additional Footage - 1m 59s 3. Oedipus Rex - 6m 20s 4. Super Student - 8m 52s 5. The Case of the Topanga Pearl - 5m 59s 6.
The Final Round - 26m 15s 7. Holding It - 19m 15s 9. The Blind Waiter - 17m 29s Cleveland Smith Bounty Hunter - 9m 08s Are You On Your Way?
Estate Sale - 13m 43s Thou Shalt Not Kill Except Trailer - 2m 09s The DVD authoring has been tweaked, menus added, and given proper packaging, but the actual transfers are the same.
These creatures had to be pacified by reciting the appropriate spells included in the Book of the Dead ; once pacified they posed no further threat, and could even extend their protection to the dead person.
If all the obstacles of the Duat could be negotiated, the deceased would be judged in the "Weighing of the Heart" ritual, depicted in Spell The deceased was led by the god Anubis into the presence of Osiris.
There, the dead person swore that he had not committed any sin from a list of 42 sins ,  reciting a text known as the "Negative Confession".
Maat was often represented by an ostrich feather, the hieroglyphic sign for her name. If the scales balanced, this meant the deceased had led a good life.
Anubis would take them to Osiris and they would find their place in the afterlife, becoming maa-kheru , meaning "vindicated" or "true of voice".
This scene is remarkable not only for its vividness but as one of the few parts of the Book of the Dead with any explicit moral content.
The judgment of the dead and the Negative Confession were a representation of the conventional moral code which governed Egyptian society.
For every "I have not John Taylor points out the wording of Spells 30B and suggests a pragmatic approach to morality; by preventing the heart from contradicting him with any inconvenient truths, it seems that the deceased could enter the afterlife even if their life had not been entirely pure.
A Book of the Dead papyrus was produced to order by scribes. They were commissioned by people in preparation for their own funeral, or by the relatives of someone recently deceased.
They were expensive items; one source gives the price of a Book of the Dead scroll as one deben of silver,  perhaps half the annual pay of a labourer.
In one case, a Book of the Dead was written on second-hand papyrus. Most owners of the Book of the Dead were evidently part of the social elite; they were initially reserved for the royal family, but later papyri are found in the tombs of scribes, priests and officials.
Towards the beginning of the history of the Book of the Dead , there are roughly 10 copies belonging to men for every one for a woman.
The dimensions of a Book of the Dead could vary widely; the longest is 40m long while some are as short as 1m. The scribes working on Book of the Dead papyri took more care over their work than those working on more mundane texts; care was taken to frame the text within margins, and to avoid writing on the joints between sheets.
Books were often prefabricated in funerary workshops, with spaces being left for the name of the deceased to be written in later.
The text of a New Kingdom Book of the Dead was typically written in cursive hieroglyphs , most often from left to right, but also sometimes from right to left.
The hieroglyphs were in columns, which were separated by black lines — a similar arrangement to that used when hieroglyphs were carved on tomb walls or monuments.
Illustrations were put in frames above, below, or between the columns of text. The largest illustrations took up a full page of papyrus.
From the 21st Dynasty onward, more copies of the Book of the Dead are found in hieratic script. The calligraphy is similar to that of other hieratic manuscripts of the New Kingdom; the text is written in horizontal lines across wide columns often the column size corresponds to the size of the papyrus sheets of which a scroll is made up.
Occasionally a hieratic Book of the Dead contains captions in hieroglyphic. The text of a Book of the Dead was written in both black and red ink, regardless of whether it was in hieroglyphic or hieratic script.
Most of the text was in black, with red ink used for the titles of spells, opening and closing sections of spells, the instructions to perform spells correctly in rituals, and also for the names of dangerous creatures such as the demon Apep.
The style and nature of the vignettes used to illustrate a Book of the Dead varies widely. Some contain lavish colour illustrations, even making use of gold leaf.
Others contain only line drawings, or one simple illustration at the opening. Book of the Dead papyri were often the work of several different scribes and artists whose work was literally pasted together.
The existence of the Book of the Dead was known as early as the Middle Ages, well before its contents could be understood. In Karl Richard Lepsius published a translation of a manuscript dated to the Ptolemaic era and coined the name " Book of The Dead" das Todtenbuch.
He also introduced the spell numbering system which is still in use, identifying different spells. The work of E.
Allen and Raymond O. Orientverlag has released another series of related monographs, Totenbuchtexte , focused on analysis, synoptic comparison, and textual criticism.
Research work on the Book of the Dead has always posed technical difficulties thanks to the need to copy very long hieroglyphic texts.
Initially, these were copied out by hand, with the assistance either of tracing paper or a camera lucida.
In the midth century, hieroglyphic fonts became available and made lithographic reproduction of manuscripts more feasible.