Übersetzungen für bumper im Englisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch von PONS Online: bumper, back/front bumper, bumper-to-bumper, bumper-to-bumper traffic. Übersetzung für 'bumper' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Many translated example sentences containing "bumper" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Bumper ansehen 30 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Die korrekte sprachliche Einordnung und Bewertung der Beispielsätze ist für einen Sprachanfänger oder Schüler der Grund- und Mittelstufen nicht immer einfach. Diese Sätze sind von externen Quellen und können mitunter Fehler enthalten. Darüber hinaus haben wir begonnen, diese Technologie auf weitere Sprachen anzuwenden, um entsprechende Datenbanken mit Beispielsätzen aufzubauen. A very fine Skunk selection, very commercial, very heavy bloom , bumper harvest, the famous Skunk "high", taste not so sweet as our other Skunk selections. EN bump raised contact-pad. Oder lernst du lieber neue Wörter? Bumper as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the angular stiffening strips 11 are inserted in the edges of the inserts 10 and their length corresponds to approximately one third of the length of the inserts Bumper mounted hoist and movable hitch. Aus dem Umfeld der Suche fender , buffer-bar.
Break-bumpers can also be either animated or static information bars that appear for a few seconds, with program title and the logo of the television channel being watched.
These are more often seen after a break and sometimes followed by information bars that show what programme is coming next or later. The term is used, in Japan, to refer to all kinds of bumpers.
In many television series, eyecatches are contemporaneous into the climax of a story, leading onto speculation during the commercial break.
Unlike in American programs, in which bumpers are typically supplied by the network when they have them at all , eyecatches are almost always produced by the production company and considered a part of the program itself, rather than or also serving as a segue into a commercial break.
They are typically two to six seconds in length. In the s, commercial bumpers were used by terrestrial television networks.
Similar to those in the United Kingdom, it is a short appearance of a logo or a slide to remind the viewers of the programme being aired, which appears before or after breaks.
The s bumper style, however, is sometimes used sparingly. These bumpers consist of the logo of the aforementioned channels, as well as a slide promoting the current programme being broadcast and the next programme scheduled to air.
Bumpers based on the subscription information sequence seen at the end of Astro Box Office promotional trailers from to , appear in-between commercials and immediately before the program break ends, but not at the beginning of the block of replaced commercials.
In Argentina, since around September , it is compulsory for almost all broadcasters to use a commercial bumper, using the words "Espacio publicitario" Commercial break to separate the rest of the programme from the advertisements.
In Poland, television networks usually separate the rest of the programming with the word "Reklama" "Commercial". In Russia, networks like Channel One and Russia 1 use the commercial bumpers as they appear as a one-off bumper.
Channel One used the commercial idents as sting thru November to 31 August , As they started to use the short-lived commercial ident package called "The Four Seasons" which ran thru 1 September to 31 August , In these commercial idents the music was actually mostly classical with piano and violins, As they started to use the current commercial ident package "Clocks" which featured three separate piano pieces "Morning" September to September and the popular "Noon" which is the one that is the current piano piece should be used to this day and "Night" which they have started to use in they also used the 3-note piece as their three commercial idents debuted in and used the 3-note piece.
In the international versions of these idents, They have used the information about to suggest an commercial.
But networks like NTV use the commercial idents as an intro and outro idents. Which in these idents feature the NTV logo being in an rectangle-shaped scope.
At the beginning of each idents, the reminiscent of the commercial idents from or In the end of the commercials, flag and a part of the ident is shown.
Another one is the short-lived one used from 1 June to 8 September Which in these commercial idents show the metal soviet pieces from s and s.
Basically new year idents of Channel One are always festive. Starting with , new year commercial idents are born.
First of them would be the one with a snowman doing something weird. These commercial idents are ran from 24 December to 11 January This one was ran thru 22 December to 11 January and returned in 21 December to 10 January For some reason the commercial idents did not have the word "реклама" when it was uploaded to Vimeo.
Actually in the TV version did have the word "реклама". This ran from 20 December to 10 January Similar or identical to bull bars, off-road bumpers feature a rigid construction and do not absorb by plastic deformation any energy in a collision, which is more dangerous for pedestrians than factory plastic bumpers.
The legality of the aftermarket off-road bumpers varies significantly from country to country from state to state in the USA. The United States has focused on protecting consumers from repair costs , using government legislation.
The model year passenger cars sold in the US used a variety designs. They ranged from non-dynamic versions with solid rubber guards, to "recoverable" designs with oil and nitrogen filled telescoping shock-absorbers.
Cars for the US market were equipped with bulky, massive, heavy, protruding bumpers to comply with the 5-mile-per-hour bumper standard in effect from to With very few exceptions, such as Volvo and Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow , foreign manufacturers only sold this feature in markets that mandated it, the U.
Unlike international safety regulations , U. The new requirements, applicable to model year passenger cars, were called the "Phase I" standard.
At the same time, a zero-damage requirement, "Phase II", was enacted for bumper systems on and newer cars. All-wheel-drive "cross-over" cars such as the AMC Eagle were classified as multi-purpose vehicle or trucks, and thus exempt from the passenger car bumper standards.
The recently elected Reagan administration had pledged to use cost—benefit analysis to reduce regulatory burdens on industry, which impacted this standard.
As discussed in detail under Physics , prior to , people believed the stronger the structure, including the bumpers, the safer the car.
Later analysis led to the understanding of crumple zones , rather than rigid construction that proved deadly to passengers, because the force from impact went straight inside the vehicle and onto the passenger.
NHTSA evaluated the results of its change in , noting it resulted in lower weight and manufacturing costs, offset by higher repair costs. Despite these findings, consumer and insurance groups both decried the weakened bumper standard.
They presented the argument that the standard increased overall consumer costs without any attendant benefits except to automakers.
As an example, in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety conducted four crash tests on three different-year examples of the Plymouth Horizon.
The results illustrated the effect of the changes to the US bumper regulations repair costs quoted in United States dollars: Some automakers chose to provide stronger Canadian-specification bumpers throughout the North American market, while others chose to provide weaker bumpers in the US market, another hindrance to private importation of vehicles between the US and Canada.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bumper. Ford Model A —31 with metal bumpers. Pontiac GTO with pioneering elastomeric bumper designed to absorb low speed impact without permanent deformation.
Plastics in European cars, - Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 20 July Cycle and Automobile Trade Journal, Volume Retrieved 21 June The reduction in speed divided by the time over which it takes place defines deceleration.
Injury-producing forces are proportional to the deceleration experienced by the occupant. Retrieved 2 July Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 29 November Are Underride Guards Good Enough? Retrieved 6 January Part Design and Testing". Advanced composite materials for automotive applications: Archived from the original on 23 March Hornet hatchback leads the lineup".
Flammang and the auto editors of Consumer Guide The Cars of American Motors: Archived from the original on 13 April La Heist and Frank G. Bumpers Cave In to the Bump and Grind".
Archived from the original on 7 January Archived from the original on 2 July Part of a series of articles on cars. Daytime running lamp Headlamp sealed beam high-intensity discharge lamp Hidden headlamps Turn signals trafficators Rear position lamps Stop lamps Reversing lamps Safety reflector retroreflector.