beim poker gibts den small und big blind, ante kommt in turnieren oder auch mitlerweile an normalen tischen vor und bedeutet, das nicht nur small und big. Ante. Deutsch: Vorauszahlung. Ein paar wenige Chips die am Anfang vor jeder Runde von jedem Spieler in den Pott kommen. Diese Chips dienen als "Steuer". Pokerbegriffe sind verschiedene mehr oder auch weniger gebräuchliche, inoffizielle setzt all seine Chips auf seine Hand. Ante: ein Zwangseinsatz, den jeder Spieler bringen muss: von lat. ante: vor, davor – hier im Sinne von Vorleistung.
The blinds are bet before cards are dealt, but after seeing the initial cards, players can either fold, pay so that they have equaled the big blind, or place a higher bet.
When playing with an ante, all players have to give the same amount before they are allowed to see their cards. Thus, everyone has an equal stake in the current hand, and folding is less common in early betting rounds.
Antes have the benefit of allowing players to sit out any hand say, to go to the restroom or take a phone call or even quite the game without any sense of unfairness.
Blinds are unequal forced bets usually imposed on two players per round. After seeing their cards, the remaining players have to call or raise to stay in the hand.
Since there is initially an unequal stake in the hand, folding is common. Also, savvy players can "over-raise" on the blind round to force everyone into folding, thus slowly building wealth by bleeding their opponents of the blinds.
Or does everyone wait however long it takes for that player to return? Antes are much more fair and superior to blinds in almost every way.
Antes and blinds are both collected from players to "seed" the pot with a single bet. But they are collected in different ways.
The sum of the fractions, collected from each player, amount to about one bet. As such, everyone "pays the same," and no one is at a disadvantage versus anyone else.
A big blind is a basic bet collected from ONE player. A small blind, half the basic bet is sometimes collected from a second player.
They are called "blinds" because these players have to bet "blind" before receiving their cards. The others can look at their cards before deciding to call, raise, or fold to this "forced" bet.
Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. What is the difference between an "ante" and a "blind" in poker? Ross 1, 5 16 In fixed-limit games, the size of bets and raises is determined by the specified stakes.
Also, in fixed-limit and spread-limit games most casinos cap the total number of raises allowed in a single betting round typically three or four, not including the opening bet of a round.
It is common to suspend this rule when there are only two players betting in the round called being heads-up , since either player can call the last raise if they wish.
Pot-limit and no-limit games do not have a limit on the number of raises. If, because of opening or raising, there is an amount bet that the player in-turn has not paid, the player must at least match that amount, or must fold; the player cannot pass or call a lesser amount except where table stakes rules apply.
To call is to match a bet or match a raise. The second and subsequent calls of a particular bet amount are sometimes called overcalls.
This term is also sometimes used to describe a call made by a player who has put money in the pot for this round already.
A player calling a raise before they have invested money in the pot in that round is cold calling. For example, if in a betting round, Alice bets, Dianne raises, and Carol calls, Carol "calls two bets cold".
A player calling instead of raising with a strong hand is smooth calling or flat calling , a form of slow play.
Calling in the final betting round when a player thinks they do not have the best hand is called a crying call.
Calling when a player has a relatively weak hand but suspects their opponent may be bluffing is called a hero call. Calling a bet prior to the final betting round with the intention of bluffing on a later betting round is called a float.
In public cardrooms, placing a single chip in the pot of any value sufficient to call an outstanding bet or raise without a verbal action declaring otherwise always constitutes a call.
If necessary, any "change" from the chip will be returned to the player at the end of the betting round, or perhaps even sooner if this can conveniently be done.
In public cardrooms and casinos where verbal declarations are binding, the word "call" is such a declaration. Saying "I call" commits the player to the action of calling, and only calling.
Note that the verb "see" can often be used instead of "call": However, terms such as "overseeing" and "cold seeing" are not valid.
No further bets are required by the folding player, but the player cannot win. For this reason it is also called mucking. Once a person indicates a fold or states I fold , that person cannot re-enter the hand.
In casinos in the United Kingdom , a player folds by giving their hand as is to the "house" dealer, who spreads the cards face up for the other players to see before mucking them.
When participating in the hand, a player is expected to keep track of the betting action. Losing track of the amount needed to call, called the bet to the player , happens occasionally, but multiple occurrences of this slow the game down and so it is discouraged.
The dealer may be given the responsibility of tracking the current bet amount, from which each player has only to subtract their contribution, if any, thus far.
To aid players in tracking bets, and to ensure all players have bet the correct amount, players stack the amount they have bet in the current round in front of them.
Tossing chips directly into the pot known as splashing the pot , though popular in film and television depictions of the game, causes confusion over the amount of a raise and can be used to hide the true amount of a bet.
Likewise, string raises , or the act of raising by first placing chips to call and then adding chips to raise, causes confusion over the amount bet.
Both actions are generally prohibited at casinos and discouraged at least in other cash games. Most actions calls, raises or folds occurring out-of-turn —when players to the right of the player acting have not yet made decisions as to their own action—are considered improper, for several reasons.
First, since actions by a player give information to other players, acting out of turn gives the person in turn information that they normally would not have, to the detriment of players who have already acted.
In some games, even folding in turn when a player has the option to check because there is no bet facing the player is considered folding out of turn since it gives away information which, if the player checked, other players would not have.
For instance, say that with three players in a hand, Player A has a weak hand but decides to try a bluff with a large opening bet. Player C then folds out of turn while Player B is making up their mind.
Player B now knows that if they fold, A will take the pot, and also knows that they cannot be re-raised if they call. This may encourage Player B, if they have a good "drawing hand" a hand currently worth nothing but with a good chance to improve substantially in subsequent rounds , to call the bet, to the disadvantage of Player A.
Second, calling or raising out of turn, in addition to the information it provides, assumes all players who would act before the out of turn player would not exceed the amount of the out-of-turn bet.
This may not be the case, and would result in the player having to bet twice to cover preceding raises, which would cause confusion.
A player is never required to expose their concealed cards when folding or if all others have folded; this is only required at the showdown.
Many casinos and public cardrooms using a house dealer require players to protect their hands. This is done either by holding the cards or, if they are on the table, by placing a chip or other object on top.
Unprotected hands in such situations are generally considered folded and are mucked by the dealer when action reaches the player.
This can spark heated controversy, and is rarely done in private games. The style of game generally determines whether players should hold face-down cards in their hands or leave them on the table.
Unwary players can hold their hand such that a "rubbernecker" in an adjacent seat can sneak a peek at the cards. Lastly, given the correct light and angles, players wearing glasses can inadvertently show their opponents their hole cards through the reflection in their glasses.
Making change out of the pot is allowed in most games; to avoid confusion, the player should announce their intentions first. Then, if opening or cold calling, the player may exchange a large chip for its full equivalent value out of the pot before placing their bet, or if overcalling may place the chip announcing that they are calling or raising a lesser amount and remove the change from their own bet for the round.
Making change should, in general, be done between hands whenever possible, when a player sees they are running low of an oft-used value.
The house dealer at casinos often maintains a bank and can make change for a large amount of chips, or in informal games players can make change with each other or with unused chips in the set.
This prevents stoppages of play while a player figures change for a bet. Similarly, buying in for an additional amount should be done between hands once the player sees that they will be out of chips within a couple of hands if buy-ins cannot be handled by the dealer it can take two or three hands for an attendant to bring another tray to the table.
Many tournaments require that larger denomination chips be stacked in front i. This is to discourage attempts to hide strength. Some informal games allow a bet to be made by placing the amount of cash on the table without converting it to chips, as this speeds up play.
However, the cash can easily be "ratholed" removed from play by simply pocketing it which is normally disallowed, and in casinos leaving cash on a table is a security risk, so many games and virtually all casinos require a formal "buy-in" when a player wishes to increase their stake.
Players in home games typically have both cash and chips available; thus, if money for expenses other than bets is needed, such as food, drinks and fresh decks of cards, players typically pay out of pocket.
In casinos and public cardrooms, however, the use of cash is occasionally restricted, so players often establish a small cache of chips called the "kitty", used to pay for such things.
Players contribute a chip of lowest value towards the kitty when they win a pot, and it pays for expenses other than bets such as "rent" formally known as time fees , tipping the dealer, buying fresh decks of cards some public cardrooms include this cost in the "rake" or other fees, while others charge for decks , and similar costs.
Public cardrooms have additional rules designed to speed up play, earn revenue for the casino such as the "rake" , improve security and discourage cheating.
All poker games require some forced bets to create an initial stake for the players to contest, as well as an initial cost of being dealt each hand for one or more players.
An ante is a forced bet in which all players put an equal amount of money or chips into the pot before the deal begins. Often this is either a single unit a one-value or the smallest value in play or some other small amount; a proportion such as a half or a quarter of the minimum bet is also common.
An ante paid by every player ensures that a player who folds every round will lose money though slowly , thus providing all players with an incentive, however small, to play the hand rather than toss it in when the opening bet reaches them.
Antes are the most common forced bet in draw poker and stud poker but are uncommon in games featuring blind bets see next section.
However, some tournament formats of games featuring blinds impose an ante to discourage extremely tight play. Antes encourage players to play more loosely by lowering the cost of staying in the hand calling relative to the current pot size, offering better pot odds.
With antes, more players stay in the hand, which increases pot size and makes for more interesting play. This is considered important to ensure good ratings for televised tournament finals.
Most televised high-stakes cash games also use both blinds and antes. Televised cash games usually have one of the players, normally the dealer, pay for everyone to accelerate play.
If there are six players for example, the dealer would toss six times the ante into the pot, paying for each person.
In live cash games where the acting dealer changes each turn, it is not uncommon for the players to agree that the dealer or some other position relative to the button provides the ante for each player.
This simplifies betting, but causes minor inequities if other players come and go or miss their turn to deal. During such times, the player can be given a special button indicating the need to pay an ante to the pot known as "posting"; see below upon their return.
Some cardrooms eliminate these inequities by always dealing all players into every hand whether they are present or not.
In such cases casino staff or neighboring players under staff supervision will be expected to post antes and fold hands on behalf of absent players as necessary.
A blind bet or just blind is a forced bet placed into the pot by one or more players before the deal begins, in a way that simulates bets made during play.
The most common use of blinds as a betting structure calls for two blinds: This two-blind structure, sometimes with antes, is the dominating structure of play for community card poker games such as Texas hold-em.
Sometimes only one blind is used often informally as a "price of winning" the previous hand , and sometimes three are used this is sometimes seen in Omaha.
In the case of three blinds usually one quarter, one quarter, and half a normal bet amount , the first blind goes "on the button", that is, is paid by the dealer.
A blind is usually a "live bet"; the amount paid as the blind is considered when figuring the bet to that player the amount needed to call during the first round.
However, some situations, such as when a player was absent from the table during a hand in which they should have paid a blind, call for placing a "dead blind"; the blind does not count as a bet.
If there have been no raises when action first gets to the big blind that is, the bet amount facing them is just the amount of the big blind they posted , the big blind has the ability to raise or check.
This right to raise called the option occurs only once. As with any raise, if their raise is now called by every player, the first betting round closes as usual.
The need for this rule is eliminated in casinos that deal in absent players as described above. Also the rule is for temporary absences only; if a player leaves the table permanently, special rules govern the assigning of blinds and button see next subsection.
In some fixed-limit and spread-limit games, especially if three blinds are used, the big blind amount may be less than the normal betting minimum.
Players acting after a sub-minimum blind have the right to call the blind as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.
When one or more players pays the small or big blinds for a hand, then after that hand permanently leaves the game by "busting out" in a tournament or simply calling it a night at a public cardroom , an adjustment is required in the positioning of the blinds and the button.
There are three common rule sets to determine this:. In tournaments, the dead button and moving button rules are common replacement players are generally not a part of tournaments.
Online cash games generally use the simplified moving button as other methods are more difficult to codify and can be abused by players constantly entering and leaving.
Casino card rooms where players can come and go can use any of the three rulesets, though moving button is most common. For these reasons, new players must often post a "live" big blind to enter regardless of their position at the table.
The normal rules for positioning the blinds do not apply when there are only two players at the table. The player on the button is always due the small blind, and the other player must pay the big blind.
The player on the button is therefore the first to act before the flop, but last to act for all remaining betting rounds.
A special rule is also applied for placement of the button whenever the size of the table shrinks to two players.
If three or more players are involved in a hand, and at the conclusion of the hand one or more players have busted out such that only two players remain for the next hand, the position of the button may need to be adjusted to begin heads-up play.
The big blind always continues moving, and then the button is positioned accordingly. For example, in a three-handed game, Alice is the button, Dianne is the small blind, and Carol is the big blind.
If Alice busts out, the next hand Dianne will be the big blind, and the button will skip past Dianne and move to Carol.
On the other hand, if Carol busts out, Alice will be the big blind, Dianne will get the button and will have to pay the small blind for the second hand in a row.
A kill blind is a special blind bet made by a player who triggers the kill in a kill game see below. It is often twice the amount of the big blind or minimum bet known as a full kill , but can be 1.
This blind is "live"; the player posting it normally acts last in the opening round after the other blinds, regardless of relative position at the table , and other players must call the amount of the kill blind to play.
As any player can trigger a kill, there is the possibility that the player must post a kill blind when they are already due to pay one of the other blinds.
Rules vary on how this is handled. A bring-in is a type of forced bet that occurs after the cards are initially dealt, but before any other action.
One player, usually chosen by the value of cards dealt face up on the initial deal, is forced to open the betting by some small amount, after which players act after them in normal rotation.
Because of this random first action, bring-ins are usually used in games with an ante instead of structured blind bets. The bring-in is normally assigned on the first betting round of a stud poker game to the player whose upcards indicate the poorest hand.
For example, in traditional high hand stud games and high-low split games, the player showing the lowest card pays the bring-in. In low hand games, the player with the highest card showing pays the bring-in.
The high card by suit order can be used to break ties, but more often the person closest to the dealer in order of rotation pays the bring-in.
In most fixed-limit and some spread-limit games, the bring-in amount is less than the normal betting minimum often half of this minimum.
The player forced to pay the bring-in may choose either to pay only what is required in which case it functions similarly to a small blind or to make a normal bet.
Players acting after a sub-minimum bring-in have the right to call the bring-in as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.
In a game where the bring-in is equal to the fixed bet this is rare and not recommended , the game must either allow the bring-in player to optionally come in for a raise, or else the bring-in must be treated as live in the same way as a blind, so that the player is guaranteed their right to raise on the first betting round the "option" if all other players call.
Some cash games, especially with blinds, require a new player to post when joining a game already in progress.
Posting in this context means putting an amount equal to the big blind or the minimum bet into the pot before the deal. This amount is also called a "dead blind".
If the player is not facing a raise when the action gets to them, they may also "check their option" as if they were in the big blind.
A player who is away from their seat and misses one or more blinds is also required to post to reenter the game. In this case, the amount to be posted is the amount of the big or small blind, or both, at the time the player missed them.
If both must be posted immediately upon return, the big blind amount is "live", but the small blind amount is "dead", meaning that it cannot be considered in determining a call or raise amount by that player.
Some house rules allow posting one blind per hand, largest first, meaning all posts of missed blinds are live. Posting is usually not required if the player who would otherwise post happens to be in the big blind.
This is because the advantage that would otherwise be gained by missing the blind, that of playing several hands before having to pay blinds, is not the case in this situation.
It is therefore common for a new player to lock up a seat and then wait several hands before joining a table, or for a returning player to sit out several hands until the big blind comes back around, so that they may enter in the big blind and avoid paying the post.
In online poker it is common for the post to be equal in size to a big blind and to be live, just like the big blind. This can create a tactical advantage for the player if they choose not to play during the time they would otherwise spend in the blind in full ring games.
A straddle bet is an optional and voluntary blind bet made by a player after the posting of the small and big blinds, but before cards are dealt.
Straddles are typically used only in cash games played with fixed blind structures. Some jurisdictions and casinos prohibit live straddles.
Straddles are normally not permitted in tournament formats and are rarely allowed online. The purpose of a straddle is to "buy" the privilege of last action, which on the first round with blinds is normally the player in the big blind.
A straddle or sleeper blind may count as a raise towards the maximum number of raises allowed, or it may count separately; in the latter case this raises the maximum total bet of the first round.
For example, straddling is permitted in Nevada and Atlantic City but illegal in other areas on account of differences in state and local laws.
The player immediately to the left of the big blind "under the gun", UTG may place a live straddle blind bet.
The straddle must be the size of a normal raise over the big blind. A straddle is a live bet; but does not become a "bigger blind".
The straddle acts as a minimum raise but with the difference being that the straddler still gets their option of acting when the action returns to them.
In a No-Limit game if any other player wants to make a raise with a straddle on board, the minimum raise will be the difference between the big blind and the straddle.
Small Blind is 5, Big Blind is 10, a Straddle would be Action begins with the player to the left of the straddle. If action returns to the straddle without a raise, the straddle has the option to raise.
This is part of what makes a straddle different from a sleeper because a sleeper does not have the option to raise if everyone folds or calls around to him.
Some casinos permit the player to the left of a live straddle to re-straddle by placing a blind bet raising the original straddle.
Depending on house rules, each re-straddle is often required to be double the previous straddle, so as to limit the number of feasible re-straddles.
Straddling is considered poor long-term strategy by most experts, since the benefit of obtaining last action is more than offset by the cost of making a blind raise.
Because straddling has a tendency to enrich the average pot size without a corresponding increase in the blinds and antes if applicable , players who sit at tables that allow straddling can increase their profits considerably simply by choosing not to straddle themselves.
Straddling is voluntary at most cardrooms that allow it, however house rules can make straddling obligatory at times by using a special token called "the rock" at the table.
Whoever is in possession of the "rock" is obliged to place a live straddle for double the big blind when they are in the UTG position.
The winner of the ensuing pot takes possession of the "rock" and is obliged to make a live straddle when the UTG position comes around to him.
If the pot is split the "rock" goes to the winner closest to the left i. This is very similar in principle to the "kill blind" of a kill game, but does not necessarily occur in the same circumstances, and the betting amounts do not have to be affected beyond the first round as in a kill game.
A Mississippi straddle is similar to a live straddle, but instead of being made by the player "under the gun", it can be made by any player, depending on house rules one common variation is to allow this left of big blind or on the button.
House rules permitting Mississippi straddles are common in the southern United States. Like a live straddle, a Mississippi straddle must be at least the minimum raise.
Action begins with the player to the left of the straddle in a common variation, action starts left of the big blind, skips over the straddle who is last.
If action gets back to the straddle the straddle has the option of raising. The player to the left of a Mississippi straddle may re-straddle by placing a blind bet raising the original straddle.
A sleeper is a blind raise, made from a position other than the player "under the gun". A sleeper bet is not given the option to raise if other players call, and the player is not buying last action; thus the sleeper bet simply establishes a higher minimum to call for the table during the opening round and allows the player to ignore their turn as long as no one re-raises the sleeper bet.Es gilt dieselbe Rangfolge wie bei einem Race for Chips. Three of a Kind drei Karten eines Wertes. Defensive Bet Defensive Wette eine kleine Erhöhung, die der setzende Spieler mit der Absicht tätigt, seinen Gegner von einer noch höheren Erhöhung abzubringen. Bei Freeroll Turnieren ist der Buy-in kostenlos. Oktober um Stack alle Chips, die ein Spieler besitzt. In den Poker Regeln der verschiedenen Spielvarianten ist der Wert einer Pokerhand genau festgelegt, sodass sich einfach bestimmen lässt, wer das Spiel gewonnen hat. Cow eine Vereinbarung zweier Spieler, sich das Eintrittsgeld und die Prämie für ein Turnier zu teilen. Ist auch diese gleich, zählt die zweithöchste Beikarte und so weiter. Im Schnitt werden 5 Prozent eines Pots als Rake abgeführt. In the case of multiple all-in bets, multiple side pots can be created. Players to act must call the complete amount of the big formel 1 sieg punkte to call, even if the all-in player has posted less than a full big blind. Players acting after a sub-minimum bring-in have the right to call the bring-in as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet. Different games are played using xbox löschen windows 10 types of bets, xbox löschen windows 10 small variations in etiquette exist between cardroomsbut for the most part the following rules and protocol are observed casino telefonnummer the majority of poker players. In some fixed-limit and spread-limit games, especially if three casino free spins no deposit canada are used, the big blind amount may be less than the normal betting minimum. If Alice busts out, the next hand Dianne will be the big blind, and the button will skip instants Dianne and move cyberghost gratis Carol. Time Traveler for ante The first ante poker use of ante was in See more words from eintracht bremen same year. See new jersey online casinos [ edit ] All pages beginning with Ante Antes disambiguation Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term. See answerandanti -]. There is a variation of this known as "California Spread," where the range is much higher, such as or When participating in the hand, a player is expected to keep track of the betting action. This may ski alpin herren heute be the case, and would result in the player having to bet twice to cover preceding online casino futuriti, which would cause confusion. Huddle around your screen. Once a person indicates a fold playmillion states I foldthat person cannot re-enter the hand. If all players check, the betting round is over with no additional money placed in the pot often called a free round or free card.